Serious Infections, Mortality, Malignancy, Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events (MACE), and Thrombosis
- Patients treated with OLUMIANT are at risk for developing serious infections that may lead to hospitalization or death [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1) and Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. Most patients who developed these infections were taking concomitant immunosuppressants such as methotrexate or corticosteroids.
- If a serious infection develops, interrupt OLUMIANT until the infection is controlled.
- Reported infections include:
- Active tuberculosis, which may present with pulmonary or extrapulmonary disease. Patients should be tested for latent tuberculosis before initiating OLUMIANT and during therapy. If positive, start treatment for latent infection prior to OLUMIANT use.
- Invasive fungal infections, including candidiasis and pneumocystosis. Patients with invasive fungal infections may present with disseminated, rather than localized, disease.
- Bacterial, viral, and other infections due to opportunistic pathogens.
- The risks and benefits of treatment with OLUMIANT should be carefully considered prior to initiating therapy in patients with chronic or recurrent infection.
- Patients should be closely monitored for the development of signs and symptoms of infection during and after treatment with OLUMIANT including the possible development of tuberculosis in patients who tested negative for latent tuberculosis infection prior to initiating therapy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].
- In a large, randomized, postmarketing safety study in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients 50 years of age and older with at least one cardiovascular risk factor comparing another Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blockers, a higher rate of all-cause mortality, including sudden cardiovascular death, was observed with the JAK inhibitor [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].
- Lymphoma and other malignancies have been observed in patients treated with OLUMIANT. In RA patients treated with another JAK inhibitor, a higher rate of malignancies (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC)) was observed when compared with TNF blockers. Patients who are current or past smokers are at additional increased risk [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].
Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events
- In RA patients 50 years of age and older with at least one cardiovascular risk factor treated with another JAK inhibitor, a higher rate of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) (defined as cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, and stroke) was observed when compared with TNF blockers. Patients who are current or past smokers are at additional increased risk. Discontinue OLUMIANT in patients that have experienced a myocardial infarction or stroke [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].
- Thrombosis, including deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, has been observed at an increased incidence in patients treated with OLUMIANT compared to placebo. In addition, there were cases of arterial thrombosis. Many of these adverse events were serious and some resulted in death. In RA patients 50 years of age and older with at least one cardiovascular risk factor treated with another JAK inhibitor, a higher rate of thrombosis was observed when compared with TNF blockers. Avoid OLUMIANT in patients at risk. Patients with symptoms of thrombosis should discontinue OLUMIANT and be promptly evaluated. [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].
Patient Counseling Information
Updated January 2022